is derived from the plant called Cannabis Sativa, which is grown
all round the world. The Cannabis plant can also be grown in the
UK or USA, people trying to grow this plant in the UK on a commercial
basis unfortunately hit problems as it requires specialist equipment
and plenty of light and warmth. Cannabis comes in a few different
forms those being resin, dried herbs and liquid, in the UK it
is mainly resin.
A block of Cannabis is formed from the resin which is extracted
from the buds and flowers of the Cannabis plant. Cannabis resin
comes from various sources but mainly from Morocco and Lebanon,
it is usually hard and brittle from these countries and soft textured
from the likes of Pakistan. Resin arrives in this country in different
strengths, some being below average potency. Resin has acquired
various different names some due to the strength, like Skunk,
others due to peoples preferences. Most common names are Blow,
Wacky Backy, Ganja, Dope, Hash or Hashish, Grass, Pot and many
two forms of Cannabis which have been mentioned are dried herbs
which are dried leaves and buds of the Cannabis plant. The liquid
(oil) which is uncommon is prepared from the resin.
Cannabis can be smoked a number of different
ways, it can also be eaten. Firstly smoking Cannabis, this is
done by making a joint (hand rolled cigarette), depending on what
cigarette papers are used a joint is usually made up of three
standard paper, two joined together and one stuck at the back.
Tobacco is then placed along the length of the joint, the Cannabis
is then added. Cannabis is usually in the form of a block of resin
and needs to be warmed so it becomes brittle and can then be broken
down into small particles which are spread evenly along the joint,
the papers are then rolled to form a cigarette. One end of the
cigarette is twisted round to seal the end then a roach would
be added to the other end to compact the tobacco and Cannabis
inside the joint. A roach is a small piece of rolled up thin card,
possibly part of the packaging of the Rizla papers. The joints
are this size as usually they are shared between a few people.
The person smoking the joint would take a large inhale of the
smoke and hold it in the lungs for as long as possible to enable
the smoke to travel round the body in the blood stream like oxygen
does, eventually reaching the brain giving them the high.
drug can also be cooked, usually in the form of a cake,
biscuits etc. The Cannabis is broken down into small pieces and
mixed with the cake mixture and cooked as per the instructions
on the cake mixture packet. Once the cake is made and ready for
eating it would then be cut into pieces and shared.
If you take it orally, you could be in for quite a ride. The liver
metabolises THC into 11-OH-*9-THC, a compound three times more
psychoactive. Oral cannabis is a powerful, almost psychedelic
experience, very uncomfortable if you're not expecting it. The
effects are slower to come on (1 to 2 hours) and last considerably
longer (around 4 hours)
the smoke off Cannabis is done in a couple of ways. On the market
there is plenty of smoking devices such as pipes with mesh grills.
The Cannabis is placed onto the mesh grill, heat is applied the
pipe is then sucked so that all the smoke off the Cannabis is
inhaled. This method of inhalation tends to burn the throat as
the smoke is rather warm when inhaled.
of inhaling this drug is to use a bong, with
this method the smoke is drawn through water in a bottle causing
the smoke to be cooled down before it is inhaled and obviously
more enjoyable for the user. A bong is a bit like an Indian's
For a user
to make a bong is fairly simple, the materials required are all
found around the home, small plastic bottle, cigarette filter,
plastic tube, i.e. a pen with the inside taken out, and a receptacle
for burning the Cannabis in, for instance the outsides of a TV
Effects Of Cannabis
a widely used drug and has been for some time in USA & the
UK. The effects of Cannabis is determined on the individual, the
state of mind the individual was in before taking the drug, i.e.
depressed or happy etc. Main effects of a user would be very talkative,
relaxed and happy. Colours and sounds also play a big part in
the state of users, as these are more pronounced and usually help
relax the user. Like other drugs Cannabis can have its bad side
of effects, especially when higher dose's are taken. Some side
effects include hallucinations and the user may become disorientated.
This in turn can also lead to the user being anxious or depressed
and possible suicidal. Some users will also become paranoid especially
if taking the drug at parties with a lot of other people around.
Nausea and vomiting can be present when too much of the drug is
taken at once. When smoking Cannabis it usually hits the spot
fairly quickly and can last from 1 to 3 hours depending on the
amount taken. Just like heroin users, Cannabis users also get
the munchies and dry mouth. Cannabis is classed as a drug that
is fairly safe to use without any serious long lasting damage
to physical or mental health. Cannabis is still dangerous due
to the damage to the lungs through smoking, it is also said that
it is not a drug that is addictive, to some people it is, also
using cannabis with tobacco the user could get addicted to the
nicotine in tobacco and get dependent on cigarette's.
Cannabis can leave you feeling a little groggy and forgetful but
little else. Depending on how much you've smoked and its character
and strength, these effects can linger for hours or days.
The toxicity of cannabis is very low. No one as ever died as a
direct and immediate consequence of recreational or medical use
of cannabis. But it is wrong to say it is an entirely harmless
Smoking any drug is unhealthy. Cannabis is no exception. The smoke
actually contains higher concentrations of carcinogenic polycyclic
aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) than tobacco smoke. Cannabis smokers
generally inhale more smoke for longer depositing more than 4
times as much tar on their lungs as cigarette smokers. To balance
this, however, they smoke less joints and smoke less often.
Worse is if
you combine cannabis and tobacco. If you are a heavy smoker of
cannabis and tobacco joints (more than 10 a day) you are signicantly
increasing your risk of contracting lung disease. Recent studies
show that the greatest pre-cancerous abnormalities appear in those
who smoke the two drugs together.
factor is that most cannabis smokers stop when they reach their
30s. Long term surveys of cigarette smokers showed that those
who stop before the age of 35 had only a very slightly increased
risk of lung cancer. The same may apply to cannabis.
A common side-effect, usually for first time or early users, is
anxiety, panic, paranoia and feelings of impending doom. However
these effects disappear within hours. Reassurance and a supportive
also anecdotal reports of long-term users 'turning a corner' in
their cannabis use, where they can no longer enjoy the experience
as cannabis triggers paranoia and anxiety attacks.
In a recent
study, between 10%-15% of people who smoked cannabis reported
"paranoid" or "confused" feelings as a disadvantage
of smoking cannabis.And over 27% reported "anxiety"
as a regular or occasional effect. Around 30% gave "negative
experiences" as their reason for permanently quitting cannabis.
There is a lot of misinformation presented about cannabis and
schizophrenia. There is general agreement that heavy cannabis
use can precipate schizophrenic episodes in those with the disorder
but there is no evidence that it can cause the underlying psychotic
disorder. Heavy cannabis users can exhibit long-lasting toxic
psychosis involving delusions and hallucinations that can be incorrectly
and dangerously - diagnosed as a schizophrenic illness.
If you have
mental health problems, taking a drug - any drug - excessively
is going to make your problems worse.
Cannabis is nowhere near as addictive as nicotine or alcohol but
it is wrong to say it is not habit-forming.
compare their daily cannabis habit with dependency on caffeine.
The UK Department of Health summed it up neatly: "Cannabis
is a weakly addictive drug but does induce dependence in a significant
minority of regular users."
of users become addicted (1), although some studies estimate that
over 50% of users have "impaired control" over their
use of cannabis. Of the 70 million Americas estimated to have
tried the drug, around two million use it daily. (2)
Tolerance builds up rapidly after a few doses and disappears rapidly
after a couple of days of abstinence. Heavy users need as much
as eight times higher doses to achieve the same psychoactive effects
as regular users using smaller amounts. They still get stoned
but not as powerfully.
of cannabis you can't develop tolerance to is "the stimulatory
effect on the appetite" or munchies.
If you are a regular cannabis smoker (every day) and you stop
smoking, you will experience some of the following withdrawal
symptoms: restlessness, irritability, mild agitation, insomnia,
nausea, sleep disturbance, sweats, and intense dreams. These symptoms
however are mild and short-lived, lasting 2 to 4 days.
with other drugs
Frankly cannabis is a good mixer. There are no major health risks
which is probably why many recreational drug users smoke it.
there have been very few scientific studies into the effects of
combining psychoactive drugs. The information presented here is
anecdotal. It is based on the subjective reports of experienced
users. Different people will respond differently to different
drugs and drug combination. Know your body.
both drugs stronger; manageable at low doses, but can cause vomiting,
dizziness, and increased paranoia with large amounts of both
can take the edge off the harsh speed buzz
combination (uppers and downers) but can help modulate the grinding
intensity of coke
and expands the E experience; used to help bring on the high,
it mellows the intense rushes and helps with the come-down; makes
the ecstasy more psychedelic.
reported problems, but make sure you stub it out before taking
K; K amplifies certain cannabis effects (especially closed eye
visuals and mind tunnels)
the experience in the come-up; heightens the peak; brings back
the effect during comedown
as above; can increase weirdness of the experience
a nasty drug
Cannabis is illegal to possess and cultivate in most countries.
However, recent research into its medical benefits have revealed
it is a relatively benign and mostly harmless substance. Many
countries, including the UK, Portugal and Canada, are re-evaluating
the plant's legal status.
On the 29th January 2004, cannabis was reclassified from a class
B to a Class C drug. Class C is reserved for substances with an
accepted medical use, such as steroids, anti-depressants, and
still illegal to possess or cultivate the plants. However, if
you're caught with cannabis, police can give you an official warning,
rather than cautioning or charging you with an offence.
You can be
are publicly smoking
• you've previously offended or been given a warning
• you are aged 17 or under
• you are close to schools or other 'youth premises'
• you are wearing a "High Times" T-shirt and a
tall stripey rasta hat
the last one. The maximum penalty is now two years instead of
Meanwhile, cannabis remains a Schedule I drug in the United States,
along with LSD and heroin, carrying the severest federal penalties
for possession and supply.